Glossary of Nutrients

Comprehensive Guide to Essential Nutrients


A group of essential vitamins (thiamine (B1), riboflavin (B2), niacin (B3), pantothenic acid (B5), pyridoxine (B6), biotin (B7), folate (B9), and cobalamin (B12)) that aid in energy production, nerve function, red blood cell formation, and metabolism.

Vitamin C

Vitamin C is a potent antioxidant that supports the immune system, collagen synthesis, and cellular protection. At higher doses, it can act as a pro-oxidant, generating reactive oxygen species to combat pathogens and abnormal cells. This potential pro-oxidant effect at high doses may offer additional benefits such as increased immune response and potential anti-cancer effects.


Glutathione is a potent antioxidant, plays a crucial role in cellular health and detoxification processes. In addition to its systemic benefits, glutathione is also known for its potential benefits in skin care. It helps neutralize free radicals, reduces oxidative stress, and supports a healthy complexion. Glutathione has been associated with brightening and lightening effects on the skin, helping to improve the appearance of hyperpigmentation, age spots, and uneven skin tone.


An important mineral involved in numerous biochemical reactions in the body, contributing to muscle function, nerve transmission, energy production, and overall relaxation.


A trace mineral that plays a crucial role in immune function, DNA synthesis, wound healing, and maintaining healthy skin, and supports proper functioning of the senses of taste and smell.


An essential mineral with antioxidant properties, supporting immune health and assisting in thyroid hormone metabolism.


This amino acid may benefit sexual health by improving blood flow, potentially benefiting sexual health and libido (sex drive). It supports nitric oxide production, which promotes vasodilation. These effects may contribute to enhanced sexual performance, sensitivity, and satisfaction. It also supports cardiovascular health, and assists in the healing of wounds and tissue repair. Read more about Arginine here.


L-carnitine is involved in the transportation of fatty acids into the mitochondria, the energy-producing powerhouses of cells. It supports energy metabolism, helps convert fat into energy, and may aid in exercise performance and recovery.


L-lysine is an essential amino acid that plays a crucial role in protein synthesis, collagen formation, and supporting immune function. It may also be beneficial in promoting healthy skin, supporting bone health, and aiding in the absorption of calcium.


Taurine is an amino acid that plays a role in various physiological processes. It supports cardiovascular health, aids in bile acid conjugation for digestion, promotes nerve function, and may have antioxidant properties. Taurine is also found in high concentrations in the brain, skeletal muscles, and heart.

BCAA (Branched-Chain Amino Acids)

BCAAs, including leucine, isoleucine, and valine, are essential amino acids that support muscle protein synthesis, muscle recovery, and exercise performance. They are commonly used by athletes and fitness enthusiasts to enhance muscle growth and reduce muscle fatigue.

Amino Blend

An amino blend refers to a combination of different amino acids designed to provide a broad spectrum of benefits. This blend may include essential and non-essential amino acids, aiming to support muscle recovery, protein synthesis, energy production, and overall health.

Mineral blend

A mineral blend typically combines various essential minerals to provide a comprehensive array of nutrients. This blend may include minerals such as calcium, magnesium, zinc, selenium, and others. It supports numerous bodily functions, including bone health, muscle function, nerve transmission, immune support, and enzymatic processes.

Vitamin D

Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin that plays a crucial role in bone health, immune function, and calcium absorption. It is synthesized in the skin upon exposure to sunlight and can also be obtained through dietary sources or supplementation. Vitamin D deficiency is associated with various health issues, and maintaining optimal levels is important for overall well-being.

MIC (Methionine, Inositol, Choline)

MIC refers to a combination of three compounds: methionine, inositol, and choline. This blend is often used in injectable form to support liver health, promote fat metabolism, and aid in weight loss.


Glutamine is a conditionally essential amino acid that supports muscle recovery, immune function, and gastrointestinal health. It is involved in protein synthesis and serves as an energy source for certain cells. Glutamine supplementation is commonly used by athletes, bodybuilders, and those with compromised immune systems.

Folic acid

Folic acid, also known as vitamin B9, is an essential nutrient involved in DNA synthesis, red blood cell production, and proper neural tube development in fetuses. Adequate folic acid intake is crucial for overall growth, development, and the prevention of certain birth defects.


Copper is a trace mineral that acts as a cofactor for several enzymes involved in energy production, iron metabolism, and antioxidant defense. It plays a role in the formation of connective tissues, red blood cells, and the maintenance of a healthy immune system.


Manganese is a mineral that participates in numerous enzymatic reactions involved in metabolism, bone formation, and antioxidant defense. It also supports the production of collagen, a structural protein important for maintaining healthy skin, cartilage, and bones.


The combination of zinc, copper, manganese, and selenium in Tralement aims to provide a comprehensive blend of minerals that contribute to overall health and well-being

Alpha-lipoic acid

Alpha-lipoic acid is a potent antioxidant that helps neutralize free radicals and supports cellular energy production. It may have neuroprotective properties and has been studied for its potential benefits in managing blood sugar levels and promoting healthy aging.


Proline is a non-essential amino acid that is crucial for the synthesis of collagen, the main structural protein in connective tissues, tendons, and cartilage. It supports joint health, wound healing, and the maintenance of healthy skin. Read more about Proline here.


Glycine is a non-essential amino acid that plays a role in various biological processes. It is involved in the synthesis of proteins, neurotransmitters, and enzymes. Glycine supports cognitive function, sleep quality, collagen formation, and may have anti-inflammatory properties. Read more about the skin benefits here.


Biotin, also known as vitamin B7, is involved in the metabolism of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. It supports keratin production important for hair, nails, and skin. It has a key role in the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins. It is is involved in the metabolism of glucose and aids in the regulation of blood sugar levels. It also plays a role in maintaining healthy neurological function and has been studied in various treatments for neurodegenerative diseases. 

Peptide Terminology Demystified: A Glossary of Terms


Sermorelin is a synthetic peptide that functions as a growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH) analog. It stimulates the release of natural growth hormone from the pituitary gland, which can support various physiological processes. Sermorelin is often used for its potential benefits in promoting muscle growth, improving body composition, enhancing recovery, and potentially supporting anti-aging efforts.

Ipamorelin & CJC-1295

often used together as a combination therapy for their synergistic effects. Ipamorelin is a selective growth hormone secretagogue that stimulates the release of growth hormone, while CJC enhances its effects by extending the half-life of growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH). This combination is used to promote the production and release of growth hormone, potentially supporting muscle growth, recovery, fat loss, and overall anti-aging benefits.


BPC-157, or Body Protective Compound-157, is a synthetic peptide that exhibits regenerative and healing properties. It has been studied for its potential benefits in promoting tissue repair, reducing inflammation, and enhancing the healing process. BPC-157 may be used to support the recovery of musculoskeletal injuries, aid in digestive health, and potentially have neuroprotective effects. It is believed to work by promoting blood vessel formation and modulating various cellular processes involved in tissue healing.


Gonadorelin (also known as GnRH) is a synthetic peptide that mimics the action of GnRH. It stimulates the release of LH and FSH, thereby maintaining testicular function and size. It has also been used in assisted reproductive technology (ART) procedures, such as in vitro fertilization (IVF), to stimulate the release of LH and FSH, which help promote ovulation in women and enhance sperm production in men.


Triptorelin is another synthetic GnRH analog commonly used to prevent testicular shrinkage. It provides a sustained release of GnRH, ensuring continuous stimulation of LH and FSH production. Triptorelin is commonly used in the treatment of prostate cancer. By continuously suppressing the production of testosterone through sustained stimulation of GnRH receptors, it helps control the growth and spread of prostate cancer cells. Triptorelin may be prescribed to manage endometriosis and shrink uterine fibroids due to its ability to suppress estrogen production.


Buserelin is a GnRH agonist that suppresses the production of testosterone. When administered alongside exogenous testosterone, it helps prevent testicular atrophy by maintaining LH and FSH levels. Buserelin is often used in IVF protocols to suppress natural hormonal fluctuations and control the timing of ovulation in women undergoing fertility treatments. Similar to triptorelin, buserelin is utilized in the treatment of prostate cancer to suppress testosterone production and slow the progression of the disease.